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  • 凈化工程設計施工需要注重哪些控制?
    來源:http://www.nexregen.com 瀏覽: 發布日期:2020-07-28
    一、生產和加工控制
    1、 Production and processing control
    凈化工程設備的整體衛生應由一名或數名指定的稱職的人員進行監督。應采取一切合理的預防措施,確保生產工序不會構成污染源。必要時,應采用化學的、微生物的或外來雜質的檢測方法去驗明衛生控制的失誤或可能發生的食品污染。凡是污染已達到界定的摻雜程度的食品都應一律退回,或者,如果允許的話,經過處理加工以消除其污染。
    The overall sanitation of the purification plant shall be supervised by one or more designated competent personnel. All reasonable precautions should be taken to ensure that the production process does not constitute a source of pollution. If necessary, chemical, microbiological or foreign impurity detection methods should be used to verify the failure of health control or possible food contamination. All foods contaminated to a defined level of contamination should be returned or, if permitted, processed to eliminate contamination.
    二、人員衛生
    2、 Personnel hygiene
    經體檢或監督觀察,凡是患有或似乎患有疾病、開放性損傷、或感染性創傷,或可成為食品、食品接觸面或食品包裝材料的微生物污染源的員工,直至消除上述病癥之前均不得參與作業,否則會造成污染。凡是在工作中直接接觸食物、食物接觸面及食品包裝材料的員工,在其當班時應嚴格遵守衛生操作規范,使食品免受污染。
    空氣凈化工程
    After physical examination or supervision and observation, employees who suffer from or seem to suffer from disease, open injury, or infectious trauma, or can become the source of microbial contamination of food, food contact surface or food packaging materials, shall not participate in the operation until the above-mentioned diseases are eliminated, otherwise, pollution will be caused. All employees who are in direct contact with food, food contact surface and food packaging materials in their work shall strictly abide by the hygienic operation rules when they are on duty, so as to avoid food contamination.
    三、設備
    3、 Equipment
    工廠的所有設備和用具的設計,采用的材料和制作工藝,應便于充分的清洗和適當的維護。這些設備和用具的設計、制造和使用,應能防止食品中摻雜污染源。接觸食物的表面應耐腐蝕,它們應采用的材料制成,能經受侵蝕作用。接觸食物的表面的接縫應平滑,而且維護得當,能盡量減少食物顆粒、臟物及有機物的堆積,從而將微生物生長繁殖的機會降低到更小限度。食品加工、處理區域內不與食品接觸的設備應結構合理,便于保持清潔衛生。食品的存放、輸送和加工系統的設計結構應能使其保持良好的衛生狀態。
    The design, materials and manufacturing process of all equipment and appliances in the factory shall facilitate adequate cleaning and proper maintenance. These equipment and appliances should be designed, manufactured and used to prevent contamination of food. Surfaces in contact with food shall be resistant to corrosion and shall be made of non-toxic materials capable of withstanding erosion. The joints of the surface contacting food should be smooth and properly maintained, which can minimize the accumulation of food particles, dirt and organic matter, so as to minimize the chance of microbial growth and reproduction. The equipment not in contact with food in the food processing and processing area shall be of reasonable structure so as to keep it clean and hygienic. Food storage, transportation and processing systems shall be designed and constructed to maintain good hygiene.
    四、建筑物與設施
    4、 Buildings and facilities
    操作人員控制范圍之內的食品廠的四周場地應保持衛生,防止食品受污染。廠房建筑物及其結構的大小、施工與設計應便于以食品生產為目的的日常維護和衛生作業。工廠的建筑物、固定燈具及其他有形設施應在衛生的條件下進行保養,并且保持維修良好 , 防止食品成為該法案所指的摻雜產品。對用具和設備進行清洗和消毒時,應防止食品、食品接觸面或食品包裝材料受到污染。食品廠的任何區域均不得存在任何害蟲。所有食品接觸面,包括用具及接觸食品的設備的表面,都應盡可能經常地進行清洗, 以免食品受到污染。每個工廠都應配備足夠的衛生設施及用具,包括:供水、輸水設施、污水處理系統、衛生間設施、洗手設施、垃圾及廢料處理系統等。
    The surrounding areas of the food factory under the control of the operator should be kept clean to prevent food contamination. The size, construction and design of plant buildings and their structures should be convenient for routine maintenance and sanitary operation for the purpose of food production. Factory buildings, fixed lamps and other physical facilities shall be maintained in a hygienic condition and maintained in good repair to prevent food from becoming adulterated products within the meaning of the act. When cleaning and disinfecting utensils and equipment, the food, food contact surface or food packaging materials shall be prevented from contamination. There should be no pests in any area of the food factory. All food contact surfaces, including utensils and surfaces of equipment in contact with food, should be cleaned as often as possible to avoid contamination of food. Each factory should be equipped with sufficient sanitary facilities and appliances, including water supply, water delivery facilities, sewage treatment system, toilet facilities, hand washing facilities, garbage and waste disposal system, etc.
    本文的精彩內容來自:空氣凈化工程更多的詳細內容請點擊我們網站:http://www.nexregen.com感謝您的閱讀,可以對于本文提出您寶貴的意見.
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    相關標簽: 空氣凈化工程、實驗室裝修、無菌室裝修、
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