（1） Preparation room - the preparation room is used for preparing culture medium, sample processing, etc
The room is equipped with reagent cabinet, special cabinet for storing appliances or materials, power supply, electric stove, refrigerator, test bench, sewer, etc. Recommended reading: chemical laboratory design
（2） Washing room - the washing room is used for washing utensils, etc
Because the used utensils have been polluted by microorganisms, pathogenic microorganisms sometimes exist. Therefore, if conditions permit, it is best to set up a washing room. The room shall be equipped with heaters, steamers, basins and barrels for washing utensils, as well as various bottle brushes, soap, washing powder, decontamination powder, etc. Recommended reading: chemical laboratory design
（3） Sterilization room - the sterilization room is mainly used for the sterilization of culture medium and various instruments
The room shall be equipped with oven, high-pressure steam sterilizer and other sterilization equipment and facilities.
（4） Aseptic room is a special laboratory for aseptic operations such as systematic inoculation and purification of bacteria
Aseptic room is also called inoculation room. In microbial work, inoculation and transplantation of strains is a main operation. The characteristic of this operation is to ensure pure strains and prevent contamination by miscellaneous bacteria. In the air of the general environment, due to the existence of many dust and miscellaneous bacteria, it is easy to cause pollution and greatly interfere with the vaccination work.