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  • 如何建立規劃實驗室?
    來源:http://www.nexregen.com 瀏覽: 發布日期:2021-04-21
    1.合理定位,科學規劃。
    1. Reasonable positioning and scientific planning.
    在構建實驗室的流程中,“構”的部分至關重要,它包括了實驗室的定位和規劃,是整個實驗室建設的基礎和靈魂。
    In the process of building a professional laboratory, the part of "construction" is very important, which includes the positioning and planning of the laboratory, and is the foundation and soul of the whole laboratory construction.
    實驗室定位是指:實驗室在、國內的定位(要達到一個什么樣的水準?);實驗室在行業(系統)內的定位;實驗室在社會中的定位(行使政府職能?第三方檢測?通用實驗室?)實驗室在所處地理區域的定位。
    Laboratory positioning refers to: the international and domestic positioning of the laboratory (what kind of level should it reach?); the positioning of the laboratory in the industry (system); the positioning of the laboratory in the society (performing government functions? Third party testing? General laboratory?) and the positioning of the laboratory in the geographical area.
    實驗室規劃包括兩個方面:一是實驗室建筑規劃,二是實驗室工藝規劃。實驗室建筑規劃包括建筑外觀、風格、高度、園區布局等;實驗室建設之前,調查實驗室需求的過程實際上就是確定整個實驗室3~5年規劃的過程,因此需要進行大量前期調研工作,既要明晰自身的需求和未來的發展方向又要廣泛地考察相關單位已建成的實驗室,學習其經驗和教訓。
    Laboratory planning includes two aspects: one is laboratory building planning, the other is laboratory process planning. Laboratory building planning includes building appearance, style, height, park layout, etc; Before the construction of the laboratory, the process of investigating the needs of the laboratory is actually the process of determining the 3-5-year plan of the whole laboratory. Therefore, a lot of preliminary research work needs to be carried out. It is necessary not only to clarify its own needs and future development direction, but also to extensively investigate the laboratories that have been built by relevant units and learn their experiences and lessons.
                                 實驗室裝修
    2. 實驗室設計應先于土建設計。
    2. Laboratory design should be prior to civil engineering design.
    “構”應先于“建”,只有“構”清楚了,才可以開始“建”。就是用的手段將抽象構思進行具體實現的過程,包括實驗室設計、安裝、調試、維護和升級等。
    "Construction" should precede "construction". Only when "construction" is clear can "construction" begin. It is the process of realizing the abstract idea with professional means, including laboratory design, installation, debugging, maintenance and upgrading.
    目前,我國對實驗室的建設沒有相關的建筑規范,因此很多實驗室在土建設計階段,沒有充分考慮到實驗室對建筑的特殊要求。正確的實驗室建設流程是首先進行實驗室的工藝設計,然后在滿足實驗室工藝要求的前提下,進行實驗室的土建設計。這就要求建設單位咨詢的實驗設計方,在項目的土建設計階段,就及時介入。如有可能盡量帶土建設計師一起參觀其他單位的實驗室以加深其認識。
    At present, there is no relevant building code for the construction of laboratories in China, so many laboratories do not fully consider the special requirements of laboratories for buildings in the civil engineering design stage. The correct laboratory construction process is to design the laboratory process first, and then carry out the laboratory civil design on the premise of meeting the laboratory process requirements. This requires the construction unit to consult the professional experimental designer and timely intervene in the civil engineering design stage of the project. If possible, take the civil engineering designer to visit the laboratories of other units to deepen their understanding.
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